Beypore-Vaypura old links

Beypore

Located at the mouth of the Chaliyar River in Kozhikode district, Beypore, one of the prominent ports and fishing harbours of ancient Kerala was an important trade and maritime centre. Ancient Beypore was much sought after by merchants from Western Asia, for its ship building industry. The boat building yard here is famous for the construction of the Uru, the traditional Arabian trading vessel.

The Beypore Beach has a bridge built nearly 2 kms into the sea. It is actually made up of huge stones piled together for nearly 2 kms making a pathway into the sea.
Alternate names
The place was formerly known as : Vaypura
 formerly known as  also: Vadaparappanad.
Tippu Sultan named the town “Sultan Pattanam”.
Beypore port
It is one of the oldest ports in Kerala from where trading was done to the Middle East. Beypore is also famous for building wooden ships, called Dhows or Urus. .  According to Captain Iwata,  Sumerian ships might have been built in Beypore. There is evidence to prove that Beypore had direct trade links with Mesopotamia and was a prominent link on the maritime silk route.

History

Beypore was ruled by four Kovilakams - Karippa Puthiyakovilakam, Manayat Kovilakam, Nediyaal Kovilakam and Panagad Kovilakam.  Considering that Ravi Varma and his brother mentioned Beypore and the specific Manayyat location, let us for a moment assume Raja Ravi Varma hailed from the forerunners of the present Manayyat kovilakom.
It is believed that the Beypore Siva Temple protects the whole kingdom.
Beypore was thronged first by Romans and afterwards by Chinese, Syrians, Arabs and in recent centuries by Europeans for trade. Beypore has long history of being a centre for shipbuilding since the first century AD, and it was further expanded under the East India Company during the early nineteenth century. The Indian Ocean trade started from ancient times and strengthened during the medieval times. While in the old days Malabar directly traded with the Greeks and Romans, it concentrated on exchanges with the Middle Eastern ports in the medieval times. This exchange of goods resulted also in transfer of people from their abodes. While it is mentioned that Malabari’s were found along African ports and even Egypt’s, it was mostly Arabs who migrated to the Malabar coasts, mainly to administer, control and conduct the trade with their brethren in Yemen, Basra and Egyptian ports. Beypore was virtually free port with only an export import duty imposed by the ruling Zamorins. The intermediaries between the Arabs and the Nairs were the Moplah’s (themselves a community started by the intermingling Arab men and local women from ancient times). Also the south east Malay ports sent ships to Malabar for the cloth from Kerala, until British cloth took its place later in the 19th century. It was also a stop over for Hajj pilgrims from south east Asia. The Arab settlers in Malabar even had African slaves during that period.

Oil painting on paper by Marianne North of Beypore, dated 1878-1879. Marianne North visited India in 1877-79 and completed over 200 paintings whilst there.

In her autobiography, 'Recollections of a happy life' of 1892, she wrote, "At Beypore I found a large room over the station, a hundred yards from the sea, with a garden between me and it...I enjoyed being at Beypur close to the sea...I could walk on the rocks and sands, watching the shrimps, crabs...I made a long sketch of the river and distant mountains, with endless cocoa-nuts in the middle distance, ferry-boats, and picturesque people. It was very pleasant sitting on the clean sand, but it was hot
Beypore Siva Temple
It is believed that the Beypore Siva Temple protects the whole kingdom.



South view of the inner shrine, Mahadevasvami Temple, Beypore, Calicut taluk, Malabar district, photo dated 1900
North-east view of Mahadevasvami Temple, Beypore, Calicut,photo dated 1900 (BELOW)


Glorious tradition of boat building The flagship of the British admiral Lord Horatio Nelson who defeated Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 was made in Beypore, not to mention numerous other vessels of his celebrated fleet. Sturdy wooden barges that plied the Suez Canal during the reign of Cleopatra are said to have been made at Beypore. And the flagship of the British admiral Lord Horatio Nelson who defeated Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 was made in Beypore too, not to mention numerous other vessels of his celebrated fleet. Distinguished antiquity such as this has earned Beypore a strong foothold in Indian maritime history. Known variously as dhow or Uru in Arabic and Paikappal in Malayalam, these indigenous vessels have a striking feature that sets them apart from other sail ships: These legendary crafts are made exclusively of wood, and built without the use of any machines or power tools — only hand tools and indigenous devices are ever used. From sawing the wood to cutting and shaping to assembly and finishing, all operations are done manually, and what’s more, this expertise and skill is handed down the generations only through practical apprenticeship and tutelage. But hold on. Here’s the shocker: No formal plan, designs, sketches or illustrations are ever made to make even a huge vessel. All computations and reckoning to finalise the physical characteristics of the finished vessels are always at the fingertips of the foreman and generally carried in a verse form, each stanza denoting a detailed description of a part of the ship. A mid-sized vessel would require 500 Cft of teak alone and 7500 Cft of other woods like Anjili and Thambakam. Two tons of long, galvanised nails to hold it all together, 100 kg of brass fittings to embellish the vessel and bales of caulking cord, cashew resins and other native ingredients constitute the hardware. And how long would it take to build a vessel designed to carry more than 600 tons of cargo? Carpenters, blacksmiths, caulkers, painters and numerous other labourers toil for up to two years under makeshift roofs. Yet every vessel built here carries a guarantee of at least 75 years. Once complete, launching of these vessels is another study in native ingenuity and resourcefulness. The legendary Khalasis of Malabar have for long carved a niche for themselves in this fine art of launching a completed ship — using nothing more than wooden keel rails and circular blocks of wood. Ropes, pulleys, dextrous arms and sheer brawn do the jobs of cranes and barges and launch a vessel skilfully with nary a mishap. Derived from the Arabic word Khalas meaning release, the word Khalasi is now used both in Malayalam and in Hindi, to refer to anyone who releases a ship or boat into the water. The Khalasis of Malabar engaged in boat building and boat repair use simple but cleverly designed equipments and devices put together by ancestors that leverage muscular strength quite amazingly. Though education is hardly their strength, what they have in abundance is a natural wisdom and simple commonsense. Deceptively simple wooden winches called davars and long wooden handles called kazhas work wonders as winches, and a network of steel wires and thick coir ropes transmit torque and rotation as smoothly as any high-end machinery. Traditionally the domain of Moplah Muslims, Hindus and even Christians have since joined the cadres of this exclusive band of muscular, energetic men who trace their lineage a long way into the past. Be that as it may, Beypore has nevertheless lost its premier position as a shipbuilding centre. Today, only a few boatyards remain — sitting on the banks of the Chaliyar River estuary churning out an occasional vessel for an Arab Sheikh with nostalgia for days

Bejahahai, The Mauler to Man Eater, Man Machine trip part 11

Bejahahai, The Mauler to Man Eater, Man Machine trip  part 12
As journey  on a bike continued, I  stayed in Hogenakkal  for a day. For the past few days I was travelling through the  towns of Karnataka  and Tamilnadu,and my progress is depicted below.

My  journey Started from Kozhikkode and covered all this points till that day.Planning the plan on the go.
 The night in Hogenakkal was terrible.  I have selected a relatively new hotel in a multi story building for my stay. The boy at the counter insisted me to take an air conditioned room.  At his opinion, the temperature will rise in the room soon after nightfall. I could not believe this. I felt a cool evening and at normal situations it won't be a problem and so I ignored his market tactics. But soon after I hit bed, and began  to   sleep,  I realisesd his words were true. Hot..I discovered this is  because of the flaw in construction of  the room without any  air vents  or any tiny hole to make  air breathable. Opening of both windows made no difference. Tiredness was the only reason to sleep in such a hot room.  My evening in this small town ends after I opted  fruits instead of outside dinner. 
Hogenakal  town. A morning scene from my hotel. Hogenakal hill and parking area can be seen
Woke up in early morning, I walked to the end street and came back to enjoy cool breeze from Kavery. Roadside hotels were opening and   saw the families were engaged in making breakfast. I have a soft corner of Tamil Nadu iddlies and trying it there seems a good option. I was the first Customer of one of  such  hotel. But the owner -lady first gave a piece of Idli to the crows which she threw to the roof of the shop.  This may make the business more prosperous.

Kavery just before the falls . The old site of Dam.
Other side . the hills situated at Karnataka state  across the river.

Breakfast. Fresh and steaming iddlies.
My original route   as planned is given below.  It covers almost all places of KA. Stories in this region. On this long vacation, my flight to back to work was booked two more weeks ahead. I got at least a week of free days in front of me. So no worries about work or family related tensions. I planned to halt at Kollegal  today and  in next two three days I will go to all around Chamarajnagar, Talaivadi , Masinagudi, Segur, Ooty and then return to my home through Gudalur  to Wayanad.

My next days plans to visit all these places, which can cover almost all places of importance of KA stories in the region.I have a short cut through Gedesal-marked in green lines- , and can try if possible
 I had an idea to visit crossing Kavery to Gopinatham. If you look at Google maps the route from Hogenakkal to Palar is given by a crossing of Kavery somewhere around downstream of Marukottai. But in reality it never exists. Here is no road or bridge to cross the river. By now I have heard that the Kavery can be crossed by coracles at a place 3 kilometers above Hogenakkal. It is a new information that it possible to ferry my bike in the boat and I can reach the other end.

 Now I have 3 options to proceed.
Number 1 is to stick to the original route and visit the Mettur dam and Sathyamangalam then to Dimbum to Kollegal.  This way, I can cover more points of KA stories like Rajanagara, Sathyamangalam Dimbum,  Thalaivadi, Gedessal, Mudiannur, Bailur, Ramapura, Pagepalayam, Masinagudi, Segur, Valaithottam, and Ooty. The road is in very good condition and I can speed up in the high ways and visit the picture scue Dimbum ghat road. At Dimbum I can trace the Abdulkunji's   hotel and the rest house.  Even I planned short trip deep in forest up to Moyar River If Possible and if permitted, I could stay one day in jungle. In short I had a free and flexible schedule. 
My original route as planned  through Sathyamangalam

Second Route
2nd option was cross Kavery and turn left through Marukottai and Gopinatham,   reach Palar and the   two MM hills and then to Kollegal.
In this route I can see the heart land a of Veerappan and his native village. The roads are good and most of the ways is though  the forest.  After reaching MM hills and I can go up to Cowdahlly and turn to Ramapuram to trace Ramapuram tiger. Bailur can be reached after taking a left turn at Hanur in Kollegal route.  I liked the route because of good roads and connectivity.
2nd  route towards Kollegal via Palar and MM hills. 

3rd route
The wildest and craziest route is the third one. This one , after crossing Kavery, turn right to Alambadi and visit the secret village, Bejahahai which was mentioned in the last story of KA, From Mauler to Man Eater. The actual name of Bejahahai is Bejjalane.  Don killed the beast at that remote village with an unusual name of Bejahahai. Anderson described the entire 9 miles of   this route as a pathway and non motorable.   I assumed that throughout these years the forest path may became a motorable road at least for a bike. I thought it will be more adventurous than any other routes.   From Bejjalane I can cross the forest by a mud road to   Gopinatham and MM hills or directly to Kollegal. There are no proper roads as Google failed to give a map, I marked the route in red line in the given map.   It will be risky and a daring attempt to ride through the forest alone.  There is a possible way to bypass MM hills too which marked in yellow.

The 3rd option is given as red,  and seems extremely difficult from Alambadi to Gopinatham.Bejjalane is marked as green circle. Entire length through dense forest paths. There is a  possible path to bye pass MM hills as depicted in yellow line.

I was thinking all the time   in the last night   and basically opted for the first one. But, by morning when more inquiries about the routes made my excited thoughts in favor of the second or 3rd options. I was in confusion but   any way I got clear that crossings Kavery is an easy way to get Palar and then to Kollegal.  The 3rd route as it mentioned as a pathway still in more or less same condition but occasionally some vehicles goes through the route.  I could not gathered more info from there so I decided to check in the at Alambadi   after crossing the river.

Crocodile farm.visiting time 9 am to 12 :noon   and 2pm to 5 pm.
On the morning mist I pushed starter switch of my Unicorn and it came to life in a moment.  I love this because I already have a loaded  backpack and was  feeling difficulties in  balancing  between my accessories and the helmet.  I biked straight to the crocodile park. Then again on the same road to Biligundlu, negotiating Ootamalai.  I have been told that the crossing of Kavery is about 3 miles from Hogenakkal both by KA and by the locals.  At a wooded roadside I found the destination. 
The road leads to BIliguntlu , about 3 miles from Hogenakkkal
A coracle  resting on the  rocks. Ideal construction for this kind of water and rocks.
Cool morning but windy climate along the shore.
My bike waiting to jump over Kavery , on a queue
 I rode to the riverbed which formed by hard and flat rocks. There were a few more people and a bike in the shades of trees. They were also waiting for the boat form other bank.  There are some notices for tourists in multiple languages.   The road,   togetherness of Kavery and shades of trees may attract travelers in high spirit to have a bath in the river.  And yearly, Kavery has taken her toll in this area. 

Big trees on Kavery banks. I had a bit of free time while waiting for the boat.
Between two rocks on the riverbed  saw this thing.I could not understand what is the strange looking thing. It was smaller than a coconut. Probably used for some rituals. Could it  a local made dynamite for  fish poaching? Not sure. Don't touch.
My unicorn waits  for the ferry  with bags and water bottle.
Caution  notice in multi languages. the coracle is approaching from other side.
I thought, it may take next trip for my crossing because I came second in spot and definitely one bike per boat is allowed.  But, later, to my surprise the boatmen took me too with same trip. The weather was windy from the morning and it was the reason for a delay in getting the work of the boatmen. I found it is a risky business because the appearance of the boat and its movements are really awkward.  I carefully watched the approach of coracle with a load of half dozen people and a bike.
Local people from Alambady side came ashore. This is our boat .
Surprisingly balancing boat. low cost.light weight  reliable and suitable for such a terrain of roacks and strong currents.
A Click from the boat. Our boatmen struggling to cross
 I had questions how they can load a bike easily in such a kind of boat in an unbalanced water like this. After watching the unloading, I got confidence. It's not as difficult as I thought.  It's a 3 or 4 men business.  A man should hold the boat to the rock firmly during entire process.  You have to put your bike in neutral gear and holding the handle, roll to the edge of the boat. The man inside the coracle will lift the front tyre and put it inside the boat.  Then you have to move into the boat. Now half of the bike is inside and a third man will lift the rear portion of bike and you have to roll your bike forward.  That's it.

I  joined for helping the other  bike to get in the boat and all others helped my bike too.
The Boat ride
For safety reasons and balance, all people    has to sit down on the wet floor of the boat.   But bikers have to be seated on the bike and you balance the bike in your outstretched legs.   Wind was strong and the joy and thrilling of the boat ride was no comparable.  I thought it was nothing like this happened before my life.  The two boatmen were struggling with the climate and a very heavy load of about 10 people and 2 bikes. At the middle.  Of the river.   Our boat went a considerable  distance to downstream  but our expert boatmen  recovered the direction after someone gap.  We almost hit  some rocks but they tried to push them away by hitting them with their sways and  swirl the boat violently.  Now we almost reached the other end but the proper point of disembarking was further above which was a sandy shore.   
It took about 15 minutes to cross the river.  We repeated the same procedure for dislodging and we were out. A mere 50 rupees is worth for this trip.  I was in thoughts of last day where I paid 180 rupees for a similar boat ride but with half of excitement.  So if you have a bike traveler, I recommend avoid boating at Hogenakkal, come to this place cross the river, visit Marukottai and drove back to Hogenakkal, indeed it will be a new experience.
I forgot an important task to enquire the next route to the. Till we touched the other shore without any problem, everybody was serious, boatmen were busy and nobody seems talking. The people and a bike embarked the empty coracle and within minutes I became alone.  Then only I realised how I missed the chance to enquire my routes.  In short, I actually forgot to ask about the condition of the forest path from Alambadi to reach Bejjalane.
swaying, upstream 
Some times it seems we lose the balance.
Note the small waves, made by wind
The road to Alambadi, shows signs of traffic in the jungle.

Deep view of the wayside.Forest everywhere.
I took a right turn when I reached the road which is named as Marukottai- Senapathi road in Google maps.  Within 1 km I could reach Alambadi. The road is   non tarred, sandy and dry.  There is no body on the toad.   Trees and vegetation given an eerie feeling to my mind. All because this part of the jungle belongs to Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary, and restrictions for normal human activities. My destination is situated completly  and deeply inside the sanctuary. But   I decided to just going.  
My aims of the mission:

  1. Discover the old hamlet of Bejjalane and confirm it is the same Bejahahai.  May be I could get some clues about the name change.
  2. Track Gulayatha halla   throughout the  given path, Find the relation of  Ponnachimalai to the cave and village  with respect to the stream.
  3.  Document pictures and life of the inhabitants, of the remote village.
  4.  Find  whereabouts of Lotta, the man from  the hamlet. He was  severely      injured during  the operation, and hospitalised by Don.
  5.  Enquire about the incident of  a man eater  and its shooting by a Dorai.
  6.  With  the help of a some guides from the hamlet, rediscover the tiger cave in  the hill. if possible, I could locate the hiding place of Don, as it is made up of  3 rocks of  12 feet  height.

Nice views on either sides, but nobody to ask the condition of the roads ahead
I understood from some wayfarer that the road to  Bejjalane is in almost same condition about 50 years ago as KA mentioned.  It's almost like a pathway crossing the stream Gulyatha halla several times,  even though biking is still possible if you have that much guts.   There is no road to Bejjalane straight as KA mentioned but goes further along the stream and then somewhere in the heights it will join  with a pathway which is arising from Gopinatham. From there, take a right turn almost like a hairpin bend, follow that route to Bejjalane. I wish if I have a companion bike or at least a pillion rider. Actually permission from forest department is necessary to reach there.  There are other risks of poachers and so called Maoists asides the wilderness.  A mechanical failure of bike will lead to endless problems in the lone forest path where any kind of help will be miles away. I wished if I had a companion bike or at least a pillion rider.  Moreover, I definitely need a local guide to reach that village. Due to these reasons I decided to turn back to the alternative route through Gopinatham.  I rode back to Marukottai where Karnataka tourism has some facilities.  It's just opposite of Hogenakkal waterfall of TN area and there is long concrete bridge like way through the river bed to reach the waterfalls. I didn't spent long time on this spot as I have to continue a long journey. When I reached the area it seems deserted and the loneliness   compelled me to turn my bike to main road again. I went to Marukottai village and saw the beach like sand bank with huts and people enjoying bath in Kavery on the golden sands. It's a perfect place of sand and sun bath in such a riverside. But it is in the other side of river.  I missed that chance yesterday.  

Loneliness and condition of the road compelled me to take a U turn.
Marukottai. Karnataka side of  Hogenakkal  fall, seems deserted today.
Lower end of Hogenakkal  area . view from other bank.
Marukottai.  There is a  tourist facility for sun bath in the sands. 
Karnataka side of Hogenakkal.
Marukkotai is a small village, basic facilities still  at far

Views of emerald green hills besides Kavery
Kavery flowing calmly here,making occasional island of sand. View from Marukotai-Gopinatham road.
Ponnachimalai on back ground, this is Gopinatham valley
Still miles to count.But I am not in any hurry
As a rider, in a dry climate,  I used to drink lots of water during the trips. I found  It difficult to take the  1 litre water bottle   each  time which have to securely tied on somewhere  in the bike especially on running. I had an indigenous idea. A five liter water bottle was firmly tied on the sareeguard and it serves as a mini tank of reserve water. I had long plastic tube which I could put inside to draw whenever necessary. I can replenish the tank occasionally. Some times I put one end of the pipe in mouth and suck to draw water. This method. Proved easy and time saving. Most importantly I am not distracted from riding by frequent movement of small bottle on bumpy rides.  
A large Water bottle is   being used as reservoir of  most precious liquid in  my long journeys.

Reaching Gopinatham, Famous for Veerappan's native place and his territory.
Village view of Gopinatham
Main assembling place and Temple in the  middle of street of Gopinatham. This spothas  witnessed many  historical incidents related to Veerappan.
Nature. must be obeyed... the  forest lone road  leading to Palar.

Crossing the  limits of Kavery Wildlife Sanctuary. 
The bridge near to Palar,(important in  terms of Veerappan Legends)
Palar. Had confusion to  visit Kolathur  or directly  to MM hills from this junction.
The road to Mettur Dam And Kolathur from the T junction of Palar
Entering the ghat road to MM hills
Road works are  started in this route, so the old road has lot of poth holes, but easy to a biker.
I do not think pictures; can do justice to the beauty of the nature, especially when you are the top of mighty hills like Ponnachimalai. But   I would probably run out of all the adjective describing what I witnessed and I felt the fall, the pain, and the grit everything was worth.  I was all dusty and guess to them sure looked like a lunatic-on-the-run. I spent good close-to-couple of hours at the peak, climbing nearby peaks on roaring  machine and soaking in the nature.
View from the ghat road to MM hills
Ghat  road,  Some buses  as company
M M hills valley.

The famous temple of MM hills
A large pond in MM hills township
View of  MM hills  streets 
The road is newly constructed to tarmac from marukottai, with lot of bridges on the way.  It extends to Palar through Gopinatham on a parallel course of Kavery. Even though it was sunny, cool breeze made up for it. All alone, I continued to ride imagining how beautiful it could be while climbing up the MM hills peak. At this point, I stopped and frequently stopping now to click pictures. I must admit that what kept me pepped up throughout the climb were the curious, surprised, appreciative stares and looks-on-faces of people on the way.







A walk back :“From Mauler to man-Eater”

I would call this is a  partial walk back,because I didn't visit some important places personally.  
From Mauler to man-Eater” is a story by Kenneth Anderson from the book  The call of the Man eater.Being the last book and last story of KA ,it has detailed too much. Due to some reasons Donald,his son has taken over the operation instead of Anderson. But our story teller, Mr. Anderson,  describes the things neatly as readers won't realise the change of the hunter. KA mentions in the beginning of the story that this story is the sequel to two stories in the earlier book, Man-Eaters and Jungle Killers.
This actually comprises of three different stories, with same tiger in different localities. so that I am happy to cover the three stories together. But I think it will be more good if I visited each place in separate. For readers information I didn’t went after  the point from Alambadi. Several reasons are behind it, some of which which I already said above.  So the description of the geography is imaginative and depend completely on Google earth images. The spots of village, the path , stream, hillock  and tiger cave are  important and I marked in the map using my imagination. I am   Sorry for presenting such a walk back which I couldn’t  proceed the last few kilometers ,  because of being alone  in the forest. May  be some one will do in future such a walk back.  I am sure, for the young generations to come, will definitely  get a permission from forest department to visit the place and  re discover the magic place of Bejjalane.  The tiger cave will definitely remain there  and a photography with descriptions will be  expected. I  dedicate  my efforts and assumptions to the brave hearts who follow   my way of thinking.  I have some doubts about the specific spots  detailed by Anderson and what he given in the hand map. The cave's position is little deviated. I think slight offset of positions occurred, but still its accurate for many sense.


Essence of the story “From Mauler to man-Eater”
The first story in the line  is ‘Mauler of Rajnagara’ and is about the tiger that began mauling the herdsmen and cattle at Rajan Nagar. This tiger never bit any of his human victims but mauled him with the claws of forefeet.  The second is the man eater of Pagepalayam. (Actual name is P.G Palaya is a shortened version of Porso Gowder palayam) in both cases Anderson failed to nab the animal.
First  page of the story. The area of operation  widens from  Rajnagara to Alambadi is marked in green in the google map. Dinbum and  Bejahahai  are also marked.
Anderson gives some examples of the   human remains indicated that there was nothing wrong with the animal’s teeth or jaws.  so he concluded that this animal was none other than ‘Mauler of Rajnagara’ that had strayed northwards into an area about sixty to one hundred miles northeast of Rajnagara. Hence,
Anderson records incidents of two more attacks and at Alambadi. In particular and analyzes the problem of the man-eater,
A comparison of Google map and Anderson's hand drawn map. Bejahahai is known as Bejjalane.
Then the news came from the hamlet Bejahahai (Bejjalane) those two more deaths...   Anderson and his son Donald were waiting for any news from Kollegal region. Donald also agreed to work upon this menace.


The movement of the Man eater. it is evident that he wasa active  at the outskirts of Rajngara,Dimbum,Bailur,Pagepalayam,Kollegal and Alambadi. It also state  that all 3 stories are interconnected in a confined place, even the  spots are in different states and districts.
Anderson at this stage of the narrative mentions that What follows is Donald’s story, as he told it to Anderson.  he gives details of the location of the hamlet of
Bejahahai, situated in the valley of the highest mountain peak, PonachiMalai. Anderson has provided a map of the area where all the events of the story occurred.
The Territory of the mauler in his last days.KA  stated that Kollegal taluk is in North Coimbatore District, and I am not sure whether it was in Madras or Mysore state. However  now  this places under Karnataka state.
Donald had long determined to shoot that tiger to solve the riddle of its strange habit of mauling. He began his journey from Ootamalai. On the way he picked up old shikari a fellow Ranga and another old shikari friend Byra for assistance. The trio reached on foot to the hamlet Bejahahai, where the tiger had killed two persons successively. Here, he provides information about the jungle hamlet Bejahahai and its people and passes comment on their life style and nature. They are all tribal people called Sholagas.
Relative position of KAvery River  to Alambadi,  and Bejahahai. Salem District in the north, with Hogenakkal  which is well connected with roads,  made  Bejahahai  more attached to  Hogenakkal

A 3 D depiction of Ponnachimalai.Alambadi and Bejahahai can  be seen  with Kavery  

Pennagaram to Hogenakal 9 miles, and Ootaimaliai at  1 mile from there.
After 3 milessrone there is a  ferry in the river at this point to reach Alambadi
The ferry referred in the story is the same one I  used  to cross the river.
The circular, backet made affair ,About eight feet in Diameter,coverd with plastic sheet instead  of buffalo hide as described by KA.
The six and half  miles  path to Bejahahai  is marked  in red, Stream Gulayatha Halla is in blue,  Both  follows in a common direction  for first 5 miles . The trio started  from the point of Ferry just south of Alambadi
The first part of the road.  which leads to Bejahahai  looks good,but  after Alambadi the condition worsens.
Anderson done amazing thing in   distance calculation. Total distance of 6 and a half miles is  accurate with google maps 
Comparison of two map  and positions of the  Baits. However when looking closer, I believe the position of Cave and the hill is little deviated from original place.As I am not went the original  spot I couldnot confirm the difference.
He conducted meeting of villagers, to acquaint with them and to collect information of the tiger. Tithe villagers told him that it is impossible to shoot the tiger because it is protected by the jungle goddess. But one middle aged Sholaga named Lotta came forward with contempt and blamed the villagers as liars. Donald had decided to make him member of his team as he knew the jungle of that area intimately. Anderson has given a portrayed character of Lotta who plays important role in shooting of the man-eater. Lotta commented on the nature and mystery of the tiger as, Lotta revealed the hiding place of the tiger. It was a small cave near the top of the hillock in which he believed the man-eater lay up during the day.


Imagine that Dona, Ranga and Byra, the most important other chareters in the  whole KA stories, and  probably only one which have a  union of the three, trekked this route to Bejjalane
Bejjalane Village in closer look from satellite, which engulfed by forest. Andrson mispelled the name as Bejahahai and its not a surprise, as he always do  with other places in his stories.
Closer look of the spots. The sands of  GullayathaHalla stream  is marked in red, the pathway in blue arrows, As per KA map the position of  Cave is  marked.
They used baits for the next days to bag the tiger. But the tiger seems not interested in the baits.  Donald and Lotta were sitting up on bare rocks in the night to shoot the tiger in separate places. In the silence of that night Don heard a sound of gunshot and a distinct cry. the tiger attacked Lotta from his back and terribly injured. the sound of firing made withdraw of the attack. don rushed to the spot and lifted Lotta to the Village, and given first aid. Before leaving to Pennagram next morning, Byra told don to act immediately in the morning as a last try. Byra agreed he will attract the tiger from below the hillock and don has to shot from behind. the started in day break. So they started their expedition to reach at the mouth of the cave Anderson narrates this thrilling journey with accurate details.
But I think the cave is in the other side of hill which is  adjacent to river, as seen in the center of the picture.
Bejjalane and Ponnachi malai in  a 3D image

As per the descriptions,  this must be the hill.

It accuratly  follows the  story and its narration.
Events followed quickly as they reached on the top of the cave. The tiger growled within the cave below Donald, then he roared loudly, and the next second had dashed out of the cave. Donald fired first bullet behind the neck and the second shot in the chest of the tiger, then the tiger was dead. 
The tram bed is visible on the centre of  image  adjacent  to the path and hillock
Top of hill in rainy season. the path and river still clear.
The story ends in an unusual manner of a man-eater’s story. the mystery is solved by examining the dead animal. If you eager to  know it, read the story in full. The tiger had never forgotten to associate that terrible wound with the human race and had taken great care to keep its face out of the way and safe from possible harm every time he attacked on the man. Thus story has typical end that reveals the mysteries of  the Rajanagara tiger and man eater of Pagepalayam
PS.:I  dedicate  this post  to unknown person  who somebody,  dares to go the specific points and post the photo of the cave and  Bejjalane village.As I stated earlier this is not an authentic work and entirely based on imagination.