Maps of Malabar Cost

This is a detailed study of the available Maps of Malabar Cost. I just impreseed that my land  Malabar-belongs a target of Europeans for spices and Trade in ancient periods.I can assume how much struggled they in that periods. All the major explorations and discoveries of new continets and numerous islands  caused  by my native land's attractive power.
I tried to collect all the informations  of the images, Maps and depictions as much possible. All pictures are in a chronological  order . Click the images for a larger view.  
Malabar_Map Exploration Routes  - un dated
7th Century AD-Malabar Coast –  Malabar   0700 Chinese Trade ROUTES
Malabar_1400_Trade Routes
Malabar_1498_Malay Archipelago
[An early woodcut bird-eye's view of the town of Calicut. India] Plant et Figure de la riche cit� de Calecut en la premiere Inde.
Author: Belleforest, F. de.
PlaceAndYear: Paris, 1575.
Description: Francois de Belleforest (1530-1583). Edited a French edition of Sebastian M�nster's 'Cosmography', named 'La Cosmographie universelle', 1575. An early woodcut bird-eye's view of the town of Calicut as seen from the sea, with ships in the foreground and right a ship's yard.
PAGE 1064 of   Cosmographia" (1544) by Sebastian Münster  gives basic facts on India. Most of Münster's text is based on Strabo's Geography. In Book XV, "On India," Strabo writes:
"India is bounded on the north from Ariana to the eastern sea, by the extremities of the Taurus, which by the natives are severally called 'Paropamisus' and 'Emodus' and 'Imaus' and other names, but by the Macedonians 'Caucasus'; on the west by the Indus River; but the southern and eastern sides, which are much greater than the other two, extend out into the Atlantic sea, and thus the shape of the country becomes rhomboidal, each of the greater sides exceeding the opposite side by as much as three thousand stadia, which is the same number of stadia by which the cape common to the eastern and southern coast extends equally farther out in either direction than the rest of the shore. Now the length of the western side from the Caucasian Mountains to the southern sea is generally called thirteen thousand stadia, I mean along the Indus River to its outlets, so that the the opposite side, the eastern, if one adds the thousand of the cape, will be sixteen thousand stadia. These, then, are the minimum and maximum breadths of the country."
Probably the earliest depiction of Canonore, from 1572 Date: first Latin edition of volume I was published in 1572. After: an unidentified Portuguese manuscript."

"Calecut Nuova Tavola" by Girolamo Ruscelli, Venice, 1574

 horizontal Malabar Coast miniature map by Abraham Ortelius, Antwerp, c.1580, from the Epitome Theatri Orteliani 
*"Guzurat Narsinga," 1588 (with modern hand coloring



Ortelius's "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," Latin edition of 1603 (with later hand coloring)
 Mercator's "India Orientalis," Amsterdam, [engraved 1606]
Malabar_1608_Dutch Map
Malabar_1609_LANGENES B

A view from a Portuguese atlas, 1630  mangalore

The military system of the Dutch East India Company
1655 - 1663.
To the right we see the Ghats mountain range, separating the Malabar coast from the rest of the Indian mainland. The top leftmost island is Baypin. Right underneath we see Cochin (‘ Coetsjien’), and slightly further south Purracad (‘Porca’).The map also nicely shows the backwaters connecting the various Malabarese cities, which made isolation of Cochin highly problematic. Just south of the backwaters we see Quilon (‘Coylan’). Taken from Nieuhoff and displaying the situation around the time of the siege.

Malabar_1672_Map_Philip Baldaeus
Anique Map, Goa, Malabar Coast , India, by Baldaeus, 1672
Antique map of the Portuguese trading post Goa,Malabar coast,India, printed in 1672 for Baldaeus' work 'A true and exact description of the most celebrated East-India coasts of Malabar and Coromandel and also of the Isle of Ceylon', published in Amsterdam in 1672 by Jansssonius van Waasberge en van Someren. The upper part shows a city view and there is a cartouche identifying 43 buildings.

A miniature map from Pierre Duval's "Geographiae Universalis," 1679 (with modern hand coloring)


Nieuhoff's early depictions of Malabarians, 1703

A Malabar Showing tricks with Serpents Nieuhof 1682
A Malabar Man and Woman Nieuhof 1682
Nieuhof's Audience with ye Queen of Koylang [Quilon]," from "Mr John Nieuhoff's remarkable voyages & travels into ye best provinces of ye West and East Indies", printed for Awnsham and John Churchill at the Black Swan in Pater Noster Row, London, 1703
Cananoor. 1709.
Author: Braam, J. van / G. onder de Linden.
PlaceAndYear: Amsterdam, 1728.
Description: From Francois Valentyn's '' Oud en Nieuw Oost Indien', part V : Beschryving van Coromandel, Pegu, Arrakan, Bengale, Mocha,…Persien...Malakka..Sumatra...Ceylon.A plan of the Dutch factory of Cananoor on the Malabar coast (Kerala). Ref.: Gole, India within the Ganges, 49.9.1
1720   Title: Carte du Golfe de Bengale, Mer de Indes, et Riviere du Gange, Avec les Pais et Iles d'alentour, Savoir les Cotes de Malabar, Cormandel, Ile de Ceylon, Les Maldives . . .

French map of South India showing ports and their controllers Guillaume de Lisle, 1723, Carte des Cotes de Malabar et de Coromandel - source: David Rumsey collection
Map  of peninsular India, with excellent detail for the Malabar and Coromandel coasts. The colonial possessions of the English, Dutch and Portuguese are indicated. The map is based on Bouchet’s maps of 1719, the most current of the time. However, some notable inaccuracies remain, such as the mythical river Ganga shown north of Orissa.
From a map of the Malabar and Coromandel Coasts by Guillaume de l'Isle, Amsterdam, 1733
HOMANN HEIRS. - Peninsula Indiae Malabar Coromandel Ceylon., published in Nuremberg 1733.
Johann Baptist Homann's well-engraved map of southern India and Ceylon.
Johann Baptist Homann (1663-1724) was a German engraver and publisher, who established himself and his family as perhaps the most famous German map publishers. Following his death in 1724, the business continued under the name Homann Heirs . This Homann map is finely engraved, and in original wash colour with a coloured cartouche.

 "La ville Cananor," from J. F. LaFitau, 'Histoire des Decouvertes et Conquestes des Portugais', Paris, 1733
map by Bellin, 1740, with original hand coloring
From a very detailed map by J. Covens and C. Mortier: 'Carte D'Une Partie Des Indes Orientales, Etats Du Mogol Les Côtes De Malabar Et De Coromandel &c. : dressée sur les Relations les plus nouvelles', Amsterdam: c.1740
The frontispiece of vol. 3 of Churchill's 'A Collection of Voyages and Travels', London, 1744-52
*"The City of Cananor" by Philip Baldaeus, 1744 (1672)*
The Malabar Coast, from 'The True and Exact Description of the Most Celebrated East-India Coast of Malabar and Choromandel as also of the Island of Ceylon' by Philip Baldaeus, 1744 (first printed in 1672)
Malabar Bowen Map - Netherlands 1747 - Ramancoil
[antique plan of the town of Madras, India.] Plan de Madras et du Fort St. Georges.
Description: Jaques Nicolas Bellin (1702-720) was the most important French hydrographer of the 18th century. Sea-atlas 'Hydrographique Francais' , 1756-65, atlas to accompany Prevost d' Exile's ' Histoire. des Voyages', 1738-75. Nicolas Bellin's plan of the town of Madras. Ref.: Gole, India within the Ganges, 61.11.1

Ville de Cananor," a view from *PREVOST*, 1751; compare *"The City of Cananor" by Philip Baldaeus, 1744 (1672
A view from 'De Zee en Land-Caarten... van oost-indien' by the Van Keulen family, 1752
Bellin, 1752, with original hand-coloring: a detailed look at the area between Bombay and Goa
antique plan of the town of Cochin, Malabar
PlaceAndYear: Amsterdam, c. 1755.
Description: Jaques Nicolas Bellin (1702-720) was the most important French hydrographer of the 18th century. Sea-atlas 'Hydrographique Francais' , 1756-65, atlas to accompany Prevost d' Exile's ' Histoire. des Voyages', 1738-75. Nicolas Bellin's plan of the town of the town of Cochin. From a Dutch edition of Prevost d' Exile's ' Histoire. des Voyages'.
Title: A plan of the Dutch factory at Cranganor on the Malabar coast. Plan de la Fortresse de Cranganor en 1709.
Author: Anonym French.
PlaceAndYear: Paris, c. 1755.
Description: A plan of the Dutch factory at Cranganor on the Malabar coast.

1756.A New and accurate Map of Cormandel, Malabar, Bengal &c. exhibitng the Principal European Settlements in the East Indies.
[antique plan of Kollam Fort, Kerala, India ] Plan de la Fortresse de Coylan.
Author: Bellin, J.N.
PlaceAndYear: Paris, 1757.
Description: Plan of the fort of Kollam, Kerala, on India’s Malabar Coast by French cartographer N. Bellin. Kollam, or as it is otherwise Known Quilon or Coylan, lies ca. 70 km north of Trivandrum, India. Kollam Fort was originally built by the Portugese, however, it was captured by the Dutch in 1671 and by the British in 1795. This plan represents a beautiful image of the fort completely with palm forests and sailing ships navigating the surrounding seas. Prepared by N. Bellin for issue in the 1757 edition of A. Provost’s L`Histoire Generale des Voyages . Ref.: Gole, India within the Ganges, 61.19.1

map by Kitchin, 1761, from A New General and Universal Atlas by Andrew Dury (Laurie & Whittle and Bowles & Carver, London)
Bellin's navigational map of the Gulf of Cambay, a copperplate engraving from 1761, with modern hand coloring

Vue de Cananor," by Bellin, from *PREVOST*, 1761
A miniature map by Thomas Jeffreys from Smollett's 'Voyages' (London, 1762
Dutch Malabar, also known by the name of its main settlement Cochin, was the title of a commandment of the Dutch East India Company on the Malabar Coast between 1661 and 1795, and is part of what is today collectively referred to as Dutch India
Bellin's navigator's map of the Malabar Coast from Cape Comorin up to Goa, from the Petit Atlas Maritime, vol. 3, Paris, 1764

From a map by Rigobert Bonne, from Raynal's 'Histoire philosophique et politique des établissements et du commerce des Européens dans les deux Indes', Maestricht, 1774
A map of South Asia, Arabia, and northeast Africa; from a world map by Bellin, 1774

Malabar Coast, from Bonne's "Atlas Portatif" (Paris, 1780-81)
A Surat-to-Bombay map by Benard, from Pierre de Pagès' 'Voyages Autour Du Monde', Paris, 1782

 Surat to Daman region 1782
an overview of the Surat to Daman region1782
the Daman to Bassein region 1782
an overview of the Bombay region 1782
The upper portion of the Malabar Coast, by Bonne (Atlas Encyclopedique, Paris, 1787

Map produced by James Rennel 1st Surveyor General East India Company Father of Indian geography pioneer in map making 1st January 1788
Malabar_1792_Tippu Sultans Land
'Cannonore fort & Bay'; a watercolor by John Johnston, c.1795-1801
*'Entrance to the Fort, Cannanore', by Thomas Cussans, c.1817-22
*'View of the Fort, Cannanore, from the Saluting Battery'
*'View of Part of the Town & Bay of Cannanore'*
A closeup of the area from Bombay to Goa, from Stieler's Hand Atlas Uber Alle Theile Der Erde (Justus Perthes, Gotha, Germany, 1828)
A closeup of the area from Mangalore to Calicut, from a map by SDUK, 1831 (India II
A closeup of the "Pirate Coast" area north of Goa, from a map by SDUK, 1832 (India III)*
An engraved view of the Malabar coast based on Daniell, 1835

Title: An Indian Splendid ceremony [India's Malabar coast, ca. 1840?]


Watercolour depicting an Indian splendid ceremony. Ceremonial procession with musicians playing flutes and trompettes and other musical instruments and parasols. They are followed by a group of men who are carrying the statue of the godess Shiva. The procession walks outside the walls of a temple with 3 towers.

Fête de Shiveu- Dieu consolateuo. Les fêtes des Malabars se ressemblent toutes par les cérémonies- elles consistent à promener la divinité de sortes de flûtes, de trompettes en jouent contamment jusqu'a ce qu'on ait amené le Dieu dans l'intérieur du temple, les dévots ceux qui ont fait des voeux, qui ont des faveurs des graves à solliciter y viennent casser des cocos, bruler de l'encens et du camphre, d'autres enfin y apportent de l''huile...
Description: . 48 x 30 cm. Watercolour heightened with white on paper, caption as title underneath, numbered ''5''.

Canamore fort, Race-Course, and Parade," from the Illustrated London News, 1851
*"Canamore, part of the fort, the Church, and Coorg Hills"*
 A closeup of the area around Goa, from an 1855 atlas map by G. H. Swanston (A Fullarton, Edinburgh)*

*"The Prince of Wales in India -- troops of the 43rd Regiment embarking at Cananore to meet the Prince," from The Graphic, 1876

C1860 Lowry Map India Ceylon Gulf Manaar Malabar Coast 
"The Pepper Pot, at the Fort, Cannanore," a watercolor by D. Kayes, 1949
1949;"Holiday Bungalow, Cannanore"*
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Kerala old Photos part 2. 1850 മുതല്‍ 1937 മലബാറിലെ ജീവിതവും കാലവും സ്ഥലവും എങ്ങനെയായിരുന്നുവെന്ന് കാട്ടിത്തരുന്ന ചിത്രങ്ങള്‍ .



  1. Wow! I am blown away by how many old maps you have of this region! Awesomeness plus ten! Thank you for sharing, Kalli Valli :-) I was researching the Gulf of Cambay when I found you.

  2. Loved to see these amazing maps, thanks for sharing.
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