Kozhikode is an ancient settlement and played an important role in the history of Kerala. The Zamorins or Samutiris of Kozhikode established a stable government in the 15th century and were responsible for its growth. It is here, at Kappad, that Vasca do Gama landed in 1498. Much before the Portuguese arrived, there were Muslims and early Christians settled in Kozhikode.
Among many heritage structures in the city, the old mosques around the Kuttichira square and the Muslim houses nearby are architecturally rich.
Mishkal Masjid, Kuttichira, is the oldest mosque in Kozhikode(formerly Calicut). It is named after the rich Arab merchant who built it. A four-storeyed structure supported by wooden pillars, the mosque is a rare specimen of the architectural splendour of Kerala.
In 1510, the Portuguese Naval force burnt down some portions of it. Some charred portions still remain on the top floor of the mosque.
Of the all the Indian cities, if there is one city, which had a high order of cosmopolitanism and cultural variety, it is Kozhikode. And not surprisingly it has many names such as Kalicut and Calicut. Some have even given it the peculiar name — The Cock Fort.
More About Kuttichira Mosque
More about Muchundi Mosque
Built in the 13th century AD with its unique Hindu temple architectural style, it is one of the oldest mosques in present day Kerala. Muchundi Mosque holds a bilingual stone inscription known as the Muchundi Inscription dating back to the 13th century. It is written in Arabic and an older form of Malayalam language. Scholars have translated it to read that one Shihabuddin Raihan, a freed slave built this mosque out of his own money on the land donated by the local ruler.
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